Archive for the ‘Linux Web Hosting’ Category

db4 error

Saturday, November 26th, 2011

 

Error: db4 error(-30974) from dbenv->open: DB_VERSION_MISMATCH: Database environment version mismatch

Solution:  Remove the corrupted db file by ,

rm -f /var/lib/rpm/__db*

Then rebuild rpm database by command,

rpm –rebuilddb -v -v

That’s it. icon smile db4 error

 

 

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Change php version through .htaccess

Thursday, November 24th, 2011

If there are two php versions compiled on server and you wish to use php version for your domain other than the default one then make the  use .htaccess for this.

For example default php version on server is set to php 4 then all domains by default will use php4.  But certain applications installed on a domain runs only under php5 then in that case it is necessary that domain should use php5

Open .htaccess by any suitable editor like vi, pico etc. Put the following code into it.

Server without suphp enabled

AddType application/x-httpd-php5 .php .htm .html

Server with suphp enabled

AddHandler application/x-httpd-php5 .php .htm .html

Same way you can enable php4 if the default php version is php5. Just put the php4 instead php5 in above code.

 

 

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Activate cPanel license from shell

Thursday, November 24th, 2011
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Many users experience the following error while accessing WHM/cPanel

License could not be activated.

Following are some reasons due to which this error can be occurred.

1)If server hostname has been changed

2)If primary IP of cPanel server for which cPanel license was activated, has been changed.

3)Server firewall.

Here are some basic steps to fix this error.

Verify that cPanel license is activated at http://verify.cpanel.net.

If link shows that WHM is licensed then verify server hostname , primary IP just to ensure if it hasn’t been changed. Correct the primary IP address , hostname if it found to be changed.  Stop/start server firewall.

If server IP, hostname is correct then check if server’s primary IP address match with the IP address of license. For that type the following command from shell.

curl http://www.cPanel.net/showip.cgi

If output gives other IP address then you need to license that IP.

If everything appears to be corrected then just activate cPanel license from command line.

[email protected] [~]# /usr/local/cpanel/cpkeyclt

Hope you shouldn’t see any error at this time.

 

 

 

 

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Password protected directrories

Thursday, November 24th, 2011

Password protection restricts access to particular folder. Only authenticate users can access password protected folder.

 

Here are few steps with which you can enable password protection

 

1)Login to cPanel.

2)Click on icon Password Protect Directories. Directory Selection window will appear. 3)Click on radio button of web root and then click on Go button.

4)Click on folder name for which you wish to enable password protection.

5)Enable checkbox Password protect this directory.

6)Put proper name in the field Password protect this directory and click on save button.

 

Here you done with the password protection.

 

Now you need to add user with the password to access protected folder.

 

7)In the field username put username

8′) Then put the password in New password field, repeat the password  in Password (Again) field and then click on button Add/modify authorized user

Now try the URL just to confirm that password protection is working for desired folder. If you see username / password prompt then it indicate that password protection is enabled.

 

Quick steps to enable password protection from shell.

 

Create .htaccess file in folder which you wish to make it password protected and put the following content

 

AuthName “Restricted Area”
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /home/username/.htpasswd
<Limit GET POST PUT>
Require valid-user
</Limit>

 

Username should be cPanel user of the domain.

 

Now type the following command in shell to add username and password

 

htpasswd -c /home/username/.htpasswd testuser.

 

In apache 2.2 you may need to use absolute path of htpasswd, /usr/local/apache/bin/htpasswd

That will be prompted for new password. Put the desired password.

The newly username and password will be saved in /home/username/.htpasswd

Now open browser to access secure part of the webite just to ensure that you are prompted for username and password.

 

 

 

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Wildcard DNS and Wildcard SSL

Wednesday, November 23rd, 2011

Wildcard SSL

A wildcard ssl use to secure not only primary domain but also multiple subdomains added on it. SSL certificates are usually issued to fully qualified domain names (FQDN), so if you want to access your domain at secure link with www and without www then you would need two separate SSL Certificates.
There is no need of separate ssl certificate for www.domain.com and domain.com if you purchase wildcard ssl.

You can access a domain with www or without www with the wildcard SSL.
Any subdomain added on it can be accessible at secure link with the same wild card ssl installed at primary domain.

Wildcard DNS

A wildcard DNS record redirects requests for non-existent domain names (Usually subdomains that are not exists) to primary domain name.
For example if you type xyz.domain.com it will redirects the requets to domain.com.

A wildcard DNS record is specified by using a *  as the leftmost part of a domain name, e.g. *.domain.com.

For wildcard ssl, domain should have wildcard dns enabled on it. Follow the few steps here and you will be able to enable wildcard dns for domain on cPanel server.

A typical dns zone file of any domain on cPanel server,

; cPanel 11.28.60-RELEASE_50962
; Zone file for domain.com
$TTL 600
@      600      IN      SOA     ns9.dns.com. admin.domain.com. (
2011020102      ; serial, todays date+todays
86400           ; refresh, seconds
7200            ; retry, seconds
3600000         ; expire, seconds
86400 )         ; minimum, seconds

domain.com. 600 IN NS ns9.dns.com.
domain.com. 600 IN NS ns10.dns.com.

domain.com. IN A x.x.x.x

localhost.domain.com. IN A 127.0.0.1

domain.com. IN MX 0 domain.com.

mail IN CNAME domain.com.
www IN CNAME domain.com.
ftp IN A x.x.x.x
cpanel IN A x.x.x.x
whm IN A x.x.x.x
webmail IN A x.x.x.x
webdisk IN A x.x.x.x

Open the dns zone file of domain by vi editir or from WHM >  Main >> DNS Functions >> Edit DNS Zone and simply add the entry

*.domain.com IN A x.x.x.x

Save the file and restart the named sevice.

Now one more change need to done in apache.conf but here you need to add one more entry in serveralias.

Open apache configuration file on server by vi editor as vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf. Add serveralias for domain as
*.domain.com

<VirtualHost x.x.x.x:80>
ServerName domain.com
ServerAlias www.domain.com *.domain.com
DocumentRoot /home/cpanel_user/public_html
ServerAdmin [email protected]

Save the changes and restart apace server.  Once this done you are free to install wildcard ssl on domain

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Reseller Hosting Plan

Tuesday, August 9th, 2011

A reseller web hosting plan is the ideal companion for a website designer that wishes to offer web hosting services alongside their initial product offerings, or those who wish to start their own web hosting businesses. As reseller web hosting is a form of shared web hosting, you can pick up reseller web hosting plans for a fairly low price meaning that if you do wish to start a web hosting company using a reseller web hosting plan then it will be fairly easy to make a quick profit. The only downside to using reseller web hosting is that the reliability of your web hosting account can’t always be guaranteed, but when you aren’t paying much for a web hosting plan it is important that you don’t come to expect too much of your chosen web hosting plan. Many web hosting companies are able to offer you the choice between Windows reseller hosting and Linux reseller hosting, allowing you to choose the platform that is most fitting to your needs with ease; however, you should note the price difference between Windows web hosting plans and Linux web hosting plans as this may affect your choice of platform. You should also review the different web hosting plans that are offered by different web hosting companies because different web hosting companies will be able to offer you additional features with their reseller hosting plans to enhance your web hosting experience; the additional extras will differ between web hosting companies so it is recommended that you have an idea of what is available.

Why should I choose a reseller hosting plan?

A reseller web hosting plan will be able to provide you with a number of different benefits if you find that it is the most suitable form of web hosting for your needs. Some of these benefits include:

  • Multiple client accounts – the main benefit of choosing a reseller web hosting plan is that if you are going to be hosting websites for other people, you can provide them with access to their own client control panel through which they will be able to manage their own website without the need for any assistance from yourself – most web hosting control panels that are able to offer reseller capabilities will include this function meaning that the client web hosting accounts created under your reseller hosting account will have complete isolation from one another and will allow you to assign each website its own resources to ensure that one of your web hosting accounts isn’t able to affect the operation of any of the others
  • Resource assignments – the resources provided with a reseller web hosting plan will far outweigh those that are offered with standard shared web hosting plans, making reseller hosting the best option for someone looking to host multiple websites under separate accounts – with a reseller web hosting account you will be able to apportion your resources amongst individual websites as you wish so that the resources provided to each website will reflect their demand – if you find that you eventually run out of resources with your reseller account then you can easily purchase additional disk space, bandwidth and other resources from your web hosting provider for use as you wish
  • Custom web hosting plans – most web hosting control panels will allow resellers to create custom web hosting plans based on the resources that they have available to use – when starting a web hosting business, it is important for you to be able to offer a range of web hosting plans to meet the needs of different businesses and individuals as well as the different price points that will affect these differentiating target audiences – once you have defined your custom web hosting plans you can then begin to provision web hosting accounts as you wish as you can create web hosting accounts that are going to be based on the same web hosting plan in bulk.

What are the disadvantages to using reseller web hosting plans?

There can be some disadvantages to using reseller web hosting plans, but the extent to which these will affect you is going to depend on what exactly you expect from your reseller web hosting account. Some of the possible disadvantages include:

  • Reliability – when you are using shared hosting it is important for you to never put too much weight on the uptime guarantee that has been provided to you by your web hosting provider because for the most part it is hard for web hosting companies to offer reliable shared web hosting services – when there are many websites hosted in a single hosting environment, it is almost impossible for web hosting companies to monitor the performance of each individual website meaning that sometimes one website may in fact use up more resources than it should be allowed to and this could cause issues with server performance
  • Security – as is the case with reliability, it is almost impossible for web hosting providers to guarantee the security of every individual website hosted in a shared web hosting environment because of the number of factors that could affect an individual website, including how well the website itself has been developed and coded – however, most web hosting companies will still take all the security measures they see as appropriate with their shared web hosting servers so that they can create the most secure web hosting environment possible given the circumstances.

In conclusion, a reseller web hosting plan is the ideal starting point for someone who wishes to start their own web hosting business or to host websites for others to any extent. Most web hosting providers are highly generous with the resources that they offer their reseller web hosting clients meaning that you needn’t worry about running out of disk space or bandwidth; even if you do run out of particular resources, you can easily purchase additional resources from your web hosting provider as you see fit so that you don’t have to upgrade your web hosting plan immediately.

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SSL Web Hosting Service

Tuesday, August 9th, 2011

Before entering their personal details into your website, your visitors are going to want to be sure that they can trust you with their details and that you are going to be able to offer a sufficient level of security to keep their details safe. SSL certificates are one way of providing a high level of security because they help to ensure that all data transferred between your website and client computers is encrypted, meaning that if hackers were to attempt to eavesdrop on a connection then the any data that they did gather would be useless to them. Any web hosting service will allow you to use an SSL certificate with your website, enabling you to create the secure environment that will suit your needs; even though you are going to need to purchase an additional dedicated IP address for use with your shared web hosting plan if you wish to use an SSL certificate, the additional cost is worth it and with a VPS server or a dedicated server you can use your existing dedicated IP addresses as you wish. SSL certificates are available at different price points depending on the strength of the encryption provided and the level of trust that there is in the organization providing the certificate signing; there are many value certificates that are offered by a large number of web hosting providers, but if you are running a busy website then you should consider choosing a stronger certificate that is signed by a more well-known company.

Why should I use an SSL certificate with my website?

There are many benefits to using an SSL certificate with your website and when they are so cheap to setup and configure for use with your web hosting account, there aren’t many reasons that you shouldn’t get one. Some of the benefits available include:

  • Customer trust – if you are going to be selling goods or services through your website then an SSL certificate is one way in which you will be able to obtain your customer’s trust because you will need this before they enter their personal details into your website – an SSL certificate will be visible in the web browser of any client computer that visits your website as it will be validated by the browser itself and then as long as your certificate is valid, this should be shown by the client’s browser – you may also wish to place a security seal on your website that shows that you are using an SSL certificate as part of your security measures – once customers have trust in your website, they will be more willing to purchase goods and services from you and to recommend your website to others
  • Extra layer of security – SSL certificates will provide an additional level of security for your web hosting environment on top of any server-side security measures that may already be in place – the benefit of using an SSL certificate is that it helps to guarantee the security of data transferred between your visitor’s computers and your website, something that isn’t always possible when using standard security techniques such as firewalls and anti-virus applications – furthermore, the purpose of your website will allow you to select the strength of the SSL certificate that you go for
  • Cheap to implement – depending on the strength of the certificate that you purchase, SSL certificates are fairly cheap and simple to implement and can also be used on a majority of web hosting accounts – the weakest certificates available aren’t recommended for the biggest businesses, but ca still be used to provide a good level of security for those who are on a tight budget – if you are using a VPS server or a dedicated server then it is going to be easy to setup your SSL certificate, but as a shared web hosting customer additional efforts will be required because you will need to contact your web hosting company to purchase a dedicated IP address for your website as well as for assistance with the installation process.

Are there any disadvantages to using SSL certificates?

There are a couple of disadvantages to using SSL certificates and if you don’t strictly require an SSL certificate then you may not wish to purchase one. A couple of the disadvantages include:

  • Cost – in order to receive a strong SSL certificate that can provide a good level of encryption for the data that it is meant to be protecting, you are going to need to pay a good amount of money – furthermore, some certificate signing authorities aren’t recognized by all web browsers meaning that you will have to pay an additional premium to be sure that your SSL certificate will be valid with all web browsers and that it won’t throw up any issues for anyone who tries to access the secure areas of your website
  • Certificate expiration – it is important to note that all SSL certificates expire eventually and the longer the expiration date you purchase for your certificate, the more expensive your SSL certificate is going to be – the shortest period that you can purchase an SSL certificate for is one year, but it is recommended that you purchase them for a long period of time as otherwise once the certificate that you are using has expired, you will have to purchase a new one and go through the time consuming installation process once again.

In conclusion, an SSL web hosting service will allow you to provide your website and visitors with a good level of security through the encryption of the data that will be provided. Even if you are a beginner then an SSL certificate represents an affordable option and will provide you with an improve security situation, just at a lower level; bigger businesses may wish to consider more expensive SSL certificates because they usually provide a stronger level of encryption. Furthermore, whatever the form of web hosting that you are using, you should be able to use an SSL certificate with your website.

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Why should I choose shared web hosting?

Thursday, May 26th, 2011

Shared web hosting plans are designed by web hosting companies to be the cheapest web hosting service that they offer and this is reflected in the specifications of shared web hosting plans as well as the features available when compared to higher-end forms of web hosting. As is the case with most forms of web hosting, you will be able to choose between Windows shared hosting and Linux shared hosting so that you are able to purchase a web hosting plan that suits your requirements sufficiently; it should be taken into consideration that Linux shared web hosting plans are often the cheapest available from most web hosting companies and represent excellent value for money if you are on a tight budget. For a beginner shared web hosting plans are often the best option because you will be provided with full support, enabling you to focus on the task in hand which is setting up your web hosting account without having to worry about the management of the server that you are hosted on, nor the more technical aspects of your web hosting account. The cost of shared web hosting plans also means that you can get started with shared web hosting and if you find that it isn’t the right web hosting package for you then you won’t lose out too much, or on the other hand you are provided with an easy upgrade path because with most web hosting providers it is fairly easy to upgrade shared web hosting plans so that you can eventually reach reseller level.

Benefits of Using Shared Web Hosting

There are many benefits that can be had from using shared web hosting and are the reasons that as a beginner, you should consider a shared web hosting plan over anything else that may be on offer. Such benefits include:

  • Low cost web hosting – a shared web hosting plan will be able to provide you with an affordable, low cost web hosting service as web hosting providers are able to fit more shared web hosting accounts on a single server than they are accounts of any type of web hosting, allowing them to pitch the price of your average shared web hosting plan much lower than the prices of other forms of web hosting – it is a good idea to remember that most shared web hosting plans are feature-rich meaning that even though you aren’t going to be paying much, you are going to be guaranteed good value for money
  • Managed hosting environment – one of the major attractions of shared web hosting for beginners is the fact that you will be hosted in a fully managed web hosting environment meaning that you won’t have to worry about managing the server that your web hosting account is hosted on because your web hosting provider will be responsible for this, as well as ensuring that all software packages are kept up to date and that the server remains secure – this will also enable you to contact your web hosting provider’s support team if you have an issue with your web hosting account that you wish to have fixed, but lack the skills to do this yourself
  • Premium features – most web hosting providers choose to include premium features with their shared web hosting plans that will allow their customers to develop websites that have extended functionality that wouldn’t be available through other web hosting providers – such premium features may include access to additional software components that you would otherwise have to buy, or simply may be extra control panel features that will enable you to do more with your website and shared web hosting account.

Disadvantages of Using Shared Web Hosting

There are also several disadvantages to using shared web hosting that you should be aware of prior to purchasing a shared web hosting plan, primarily because you may find that shared web hosting isn’t the right form of web hosting for you. Such disadvantages include:

  • Resource allocations – depending on what your exact requirements are, the resource allocations that are included with most shared web hosting plans may be too little for bigger businesses because they can be seen as being rather limiting when compared to what reseller web hosting packages and VPS servers can offer – however, this can be justified with the point that shared web hosting plans are aimed at beginners who won’t have demanding needs and that if the resources provided by a shared web hosting package don’t meet your requirements, you should consider a higher-end form of web hosting – however, if you are unable to afford a higher-end form of web hosting then some web hosting companies will allow you to design a web hosting plan that is tailored exactly to your requirements, allowing you to specify exactly how much disk space and bandwidth you require
  • Security – due to the number of websites that are hosted on your average shared web hosting server, it can be hard for web hosting companies to guarantee the security of individual shared web hosting accounts and so it is recommended that you don’t use a shared web hosting plan if you are going to be hosting information that can be seen as confidential because if a hacker gains access to the hosting server and steals that information, you could find yourself in trouble – it is recommended that you choose a VPS server or other form of dedicated web hosting if you wish to be guaranteed a high level of security.

In conclusion, you should choose shared web hosting because it provides excellent value for money for beginners. Many shared web hosting plans are feature-rich meaning that as a beginner, you will be able to create highly functional websites from the start and can then choose to upgrade your web hosting package as your needs change and increase. You will always have a choice between Windows shared hosting and Linux shared hosting, allowing you to use the scripting languages and development tools that best match your knowledge and experience.

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Linux Hosting Company

Wednesday, May 18th, 2011

Linux is the most popular platform for use by web hosting companies as it is low cost and Linux servers are easy to maintain, providing web hosting companies with a win-win situation as they are able to offer highly profitable web hosting plans whilst reducing the amount of effort that will need to be put in to maintain the server. Linux shared hosting plans are often seen as the cheapest web hosting packages available because you are combining an open source operating system with the cheapest form of web hosting, the result of which will be web hosting services that pretty much anyone can afford, although the specifications of shared web hosting plans are only generally suitable for users with the most basic of needs. There are many different Linux distributions to choose from if you are looking into using Linux VPS server hosting or Linux dedicated server hosting, providing you with the opportunity to develop a completely custom web hosting service that will be able to meet your Linux hosting needs. The benefit of using a specialist Linux web hosting company is that they will be able to provide you with support that is tailored towards the operating system and if you face any issues with your Linux web hosting service then their technicians should be able to sort the issue in no time at all. As Linux is an open source operating system, it is offered by most web hosting providers meaning that there will be a large number of Linux hosting companies to choose from.

Benefits of Using the Linux Operating System

There are many benefits to using the Linux operating system in a web hosting environment, especially for consumers who are looking for low-cost web hosting services. The main benefits that are available from using Linux web hosting include:

  • Open source – as the Linux operating system is open source, it allows web hosting companies to offer low cost web hosting services without compromising the quality of the web hosting service provided – when compared to commercial platforms such as Windows, open source operating systems are able to provide the benefit of full access to the operating system source code meaning that modifications can be made to the core of the platform if required as some larger web hosting providers may choose to do this if they are looking to offer improved levels of security and a more stable platform than what other web hosting companies can provide
  • Reliability – when compared to Windows web hosting plans, Linux web hosting plans are seen as being more reliable and can provide customers with a worry-free web hosting experience – the issue that many web hosting companies are trying to overcome is downtime because this can be a major disadvantage to businesses that rely on their websites to provide them with a source of income, whether that be through advertising or sales of a product, because in such situations downtime can cost money – it is recommended that you choose a web hosting plan that can provide you with an uptime guarantee, simply so you know what to expect from your web hosting package
  • Security – the security of Linux web hosting servers is seen as being stronger than that of a Windows server because there are many different measures that can be taken to provide a high level of security to Linux hosting customers – as well as using software firewalls to improve the level of security surrounding a Linux web hosting server, hardware firewalls are also recommended as well as measures to prevent SQL injections that could potentially take place through hosted web pages that are using weak code.

Disadvantages of Using Linux Web Hosting

There can also be disadvantages to using the Linux platform under some circumstances, include but not limited to:

  • Management – the management of Linux servers can be seen as being an issue in some situations because you can only manage a Linux server through the command line over SSH meaning that you need to have some sort of basic knowledge as to how the Linux operating system functions so that you know what commands to use to complete certain tasks that will need to be done as part of maintaining your server – however, if you are inexperienced with server management then you can always consider using a fully managed Linux server hosting service as a way of having your needs met because this will take the responsibility of managing your Linux server away from you and will pass it on to an experienced support team who will do a professional job of it – if you do have experience with managing Linux servers then you can use this to your advantage by purchasing an unmanaged Linux server which you can then manage yourself, saving yourself money in the process
  • Hacker target – because Linux is so widely used by large businesses and web hosting providers alike, Linux servers are often one of the main targets for hackers that are looking to gain access to systems illegally to steal the data and other information held on them – this can be an issue for some because it means that more advanced security measures have to be taken to protect Linux web hosting servers and the data that they hold and this can cost web hosting companies both time and money to ensure that the task is completed to a high level.

In conclusion, there are many different Linux web hosting companies to choose from and because of this you should consider each company based on their own merits as opposed to what they are able to offer in terms of web hosting plans as there is likely to be little difference between the services provided by individual web hosting companies. For the most part you won’t need to be worrying about the Linux distribution that is being used unless you are using Linux dedicated web hosting and have highly specific requirements as this will provide you with an opportunity to select an OS that has been designed for a specific purpose.

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Installing the Joomla CMS

Sunday, April 24th, 2011

Joomla is one of the most powerful content management systems available and as a standard installation will provide webmasters with an application through which they can manage their websites without having to constantly update multiple pages, but there is also the opportunity to expand the application through the use of third-party plugins. As Joomla is an open source application, you won’t have to pay a penny to use it meaning that it is ideal for big businesses as well as not-for-profit organizations. It is recommended that you combine Joomla with a low cost web hosting service such as a Linux shared web hosting plan as by doing this, you will be able to save yourself quite a bit of money.

Downloading Joomla

To download Joomla, you will first need to navigate to the Joomla website, which is located at www. Joomla.org; from there you will want to click the “Download” button.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 17.44.45 Installing the Joomla CMS

You will then be presented with different options depending on the version that you wish to use; unless you have a reason to use an older version, it is recommended that you choose the latest version to ensure that any security issues that have been raised with previous versions have been patched.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 17.49.12 300x185 Installing the Joomla CMS

To commence with the file download, simple click the “ZIP” text located next to the specific package that you wish to use. You can then simply save the file to your desktop.

The extracted root folder structure should be similar to the one below.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 17.58.24 146x300 Installing the Joomla CMS

Uploading the Joomla Files to Your Web Space

Once you have downloaded the Joomla files to your desktop and extracted the ZIP file, you will want to upload the uncompressed files to your web space so that you can commence with the installation of the application.

You will also need to setup a MySQL database through your web hosting control panel prior to running the installation wizard so that your Joomla installation will have a central location in which it can store all of its configuration data.

Once you have uploaded the contents to your web space, you should navigate to the folder that Joomla is contained in through your web browser. You will be directed to the page below.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 18.36.41 300x129 Installing the Joomla CMS

Once you have selected the language that you wish to use, click the “Next” button.

From there you will then be taken to a page that will carry out checks to ensure that your web hosting environment is capable of running Joomla properly.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 18.37.05 300x139 Installing the Joomla CMS

If any errors occur then the installation wizard will provide you with the instructions that will direct you on how to solve individual errors. If there are no errors then you should be able to click the “Next” button to continue with the installation.

You will then need to agree to the GNU license, which governs the use of certain open source applications and is applicable to the use of Joomla.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 18.37.17 300x167 Installing the Joomla CMS

Next, you will need to enter your MySQL database connection details so that Joomla can function properly.

Joomla installation database configuration Installing the Joomla CMS

You will be required to enter the following details:

  • Host name – this is the name or IP address of the server on which your Joomla database is going to be hosted
  • Username – you should configure a separate MySQL user account other than the root user to improve security
  • Password – all MySQL user accounts should be password protected as to ensure that hackers and other malicious attackers aren’t able to gain unauthorized entry.

After that and depending on the web hosting service that you are using, you may need to enter your FTP login details.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 18.38.00 300x128 Installing the Joomla CMS

You can simply skip this step by clicking the “Next” button if it doesn’t apply to you. If it does apply to you then you will need to enter the following details:

  • FTP username – this should be an FTP account that is separate from the main one that you use to upload your main content to your website and should be limited to the Joomla directory for added security
  • FTP root path – this is the root path to the location of where Joomla is installed in your web space.

You will then need to enter the main configuration details for your Joomla website as the connection to the database has now been established.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 18.38.23 300x182 Installing the Joomla CMS

To create a site that suits your needs, you should fill out the following information fields appropriately:

  • Site name – this should be the name of your company or related to the topic of the website that you wish to create
  • Your email – you should enter a valid email address as this will be used to reset the admin password if you happen to forget it
  • Admin username – your username doesn’t have to be “admin”, you can set it to be anything that you want
  • Sample data – you can even choose to install sample data, a practice that is recommended if you are a beginner, which will give you an idea on how Joomla works if you haven’t use the CMS before.

Once you have set out the main configuration to meet your needs, you can then proceed to use the application as you wish. It is recommended that you remove the installation folder so that no further amendments can be made to your configuration, except by yourself through the admin area.

Screen shot 2011 04 23 at 18.38.41 300x129 Installing the Joomla CMS

Once you have completed the configuration wizard, you will then be taken to the admin control panel, from which you will be able to configure the application further.

In conclusion, Joomla is a powerful CMS that can be used in a number of different scenarios to meet the requirements of big businesses and individuals who require a reliable framework on which they can develop stable websites capable of coping with high visitor loads without facing any issues. Although there are many open source CMS solutions available, Joomla is able to provide businesses with a custom solution that can be modified further through the use of a plugin framework that can be used to extend the functionality of the application, along with a styling framework that can be used to develop additional themes and designs to enable the application to fit in alongside existing websites.

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